Language Therapy instruction is explicit, structured, systematic and cumulative. Dyslexia therapy lessons contain the 5 components (Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Vocabulary, Fluency, and Comprehension) of effective reading instruction supported by the National Reading Panel, and mandated by Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).
You can expect a dyslexia therapy lesson to include these elements:
The History of Language (Etymology)
Understanding the origin of the English language and how it influences reading and spelling rules provides a framework for understanding the layers of the English language. Students learn high utility affixes, and Latin roots and Greek combining forms.
Being secure in knowing the letters of the alphabet is an important early literacy skill, since it is the foundation for developing all reading and spelling skills.
Being aware that individual sounds blend together to make words is a critical skill to be mastered. Students learn all 44 phonemes, 96 graphemes-phoneme correspondences and 87 affixes. A deficit in phonemic awareness is an indicator that students will most likely experience difficulty in learning to read.
Students learn the most reliable patterns used to decode words. Lessons begin with the most common, high utility letters and move to more complex combinations. Etymology is applied to word analysis strategies.
Students are taught morphology, word relationships, idioms, syntax and semantics.
Automaticity and Fluency
Fluency practice begins with students reading at the most basic word level, then moves to phrases and sentences, and continues to more complex structures. It is critical that instant words (sight words) are practiced, as they constitute the most common words encountered in English.
The ultimate goal of reading is comprehension. Narrative and expository text are used to teach critical skills such as grammar, vocabulary, story structure, reasoning, critical thinking, inferencing, summarizing and listening.
Students learn how letter patterns are attached to meaning and how it influences spelling choice. Proper procedures for application are taught and practiced.
Cursive handwriting is the cornerstone for reinforcing a multi-sensory approach to learning to read, write, and spell. Emphasis is placed on learning approach strokes, proper proportion (size), directionality, and proper grip.
Verbal and Written Expression
Students are engaged in lessons that begin with the development of receptive and expressive language skills and progress to written expression, which includes formal composition.
Study Skills, Organization and Learning Strategies
Students are taught the critical learning, organizing, and study strategies to enhance success at school and home.
Math (when necessary)
Multisensory teaching strategies are used to guide students through the process of mastering mathematical concepts and skills beginning with the concrete and then moving to abstraction.