What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia as defined by IDA and NICHD:
"Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge."
Individuals who experience difficulty with the following may be associated with dyslexia:
Learning to speak
Learning letters and sounds
Slow to add new vocabulary words
Learning to rhyme
Computing math problems correctly
Memorizing math facts
Learning to tell time
Make consistent reading and spelling errors: letter reversals, word reversals, inversions, transpositions, and substitutions
Unable to follow multi-step directions or routines
Organizing spoken and written language
Often uses an awkward pencil grip
Poor fine motor coordination
Learning a foreign language
Comprehending the written word due to a slow reading rate
Dyslexia is Real: Common Facts
Dyslexia is the most common learning disability.
Scientists and researchers estimate that up to 20% of the population has dyslexia.
Dyslexia affects boys and girls equally.
Causes of dyslexia are neurological and genetic.
People with dyslexia tend to have average to above average intelligence.
There is no cure for dyslexia. It is a life long condition.
Dyslexia is not a vision problem.